Plumbing is one of the most humble professions. Some plumbing jobs involve dealing with dirt just to keep everything functioning efficiently. Plumbing is a crucial part of any developing society. Plumbing has been necessary since humans started living together in homes.
As such, there have been large-scale projects involving plumbing. These projects include plumbing plans, jobs, breakthroughs, and mistakes.
Here are some of the world’s hugest plumbing projects ever witnessed. These projects have all affected the world economy, history, and culture in one way or the other.
The G-Cans Drainage System
The G-Cans, located in Tokyo, Japan, boasts of being the world’s largest storm drain system. Tokyo is home to millions of people. The Tokyo metropolitan area is always at risk of flooding. It has always been affected by climate change, especially the ever-rising sea level.
Japan’s rainy season, known as tsuyu, is always worsened by climate change, leading to sudden rainstorms known as “guerilla rainstorms”. These rainstorms often lead to massive flooding in Tokyo.
The Japanese government had to find an effective way of responding to the unfrequented flooding threats by constructing a massive drainage system. As a result, G-Cans was born, becoming the world’s largest storm drainage. The underground channel was built in a period of 17 years.
A total of $2 billion was spent to construct the drainage. Its channels take the flood water through five silos, measuring 105 foot in width and 213 foot in depth. These channels deposit the water into a pillared tank (known as an Underground Temple) that measures 580 feet in depth.
Seventy-eight water pumps and several turbines with a rating of 14,000 horsepower are connected to the tank to pump water from the tank and dump it in River Edogawa.
They pump water at a rate of 200 tons per second. G-Cans is an extreme plumbing technology. Its impressiveness makes it a popular attraction site where guided tours are offered daily.
The London Sewer System
London has been home to humans for centuries. Due to its age, London has some of the oldest infrastructures in the world. In the nineteenth century, its plumbing system served 360 sewers, 3 million people, and effluent of its multiple industries. Most of the waste is discharged into River Thames in the heart of London.
As London grew, its sewer system would not serve a growing population efficiently. The sewer system was extremely overwhelmed to the extent of causing a calamity popularly known as “The Great Stink”.
This calamity created a stinky smell when the hot heat in the 1858 summer season beaked River Thames. The river was described as reeking with intolerable and ineffable horrors, thereby leading to demands for a major cleanup.
The solution to the problem was to build a bigger sewer system for diverting waste matter away from London. This gave birth to the London Sewer System, which was designed by Joseph.
The design comprises of six sewers that intercept each other and measure approximately 100 miles in length. Construction work involved thousands of construction workers. It consumed at least concrete measuring 880,000 in cubic feet and 318 million worth of bricks.
Although most of the original piping has been replaced, the original design has never been changed. It remains the world’s most elaborate sewer system.
The Roman Aqueducts
During the ancient days, aqueducts were designed for transporting water from reservoirs to distant cities. While the aqueducts built in Rome aren’t the earliest aqueducts in history, they boast of being the most impressive and ambitious aqueducts.
The Roman aqueducts played a huge role in planned and centralized plumbing. Without such a system for water and sewer transportation, it would have been impossible for Rome to thrive.
Back then, Rome was facing the challenge of lacking enough water to meet its huge demand. The answer to this problem was to create aqueducts, which earned the name “Roman aqueducts”.
The city’s first aqueduct was known as “Aqua Appia”. It was constructed around 312 BC. It measures 16.4 kilometers in length and supplied water amounting 75,500 in cubic meters to a fountain known as Forum Boarium.
Aqua Marcia was the longest known aqueduct. It measured 56 miles in length. Their scale was quite impressive, making them engineering marvels based on their ingenious design and longevity. For instance, Acqua Vergine was built around 19 BC and still supplies a good amount of water to Rome till date.
The design and plumbing work in these projects is extremely impressive. Although some plumbing projects may have earned a lot of praise, not all of them are that successful.
Nevertheless, always hire a professional plumber to make your plumbing project a success like these three mega plumbing projects.… Read more..