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The Most Renowned Plumbing Projects Ever Witnessed in History

Plumbing is one of the most humble professions. Some plumbing jobs involve dealing with dirt just to keep everything functioning efficiently. Plumbing is a crucial part of any developing society. Plumbing has been necessary since humans started living together in homes.

As such, there have been large-scale projects involving plumbing. These projects include plumbing plans, jobs, breakthroughs, and mistakes.

plumbing history

Here are some of the world’s hugest plumbing projects ever witnessed. These projects have all affected the world economy, history, and culture in one way or the other.

 

The G-Cans Drainage System

The G-Cans, located in Tokyo, Japan, boasts of being the world’s largest storm drain system. Tokyo is home to millions of people. The Tokyo metropolitan area is always at risk of flooding. It has always been affected by climate change, especially the ever-rising sea level.

Japan’s rainy season, known as tsuyu, is always worsened by climate change, leading to sudden rainstorms known as “guerilla rainstorms”. These rainstorms often lead to massive flooding in Tokyo.

The Japanese government had to find an effective way of responding to the unfrequented flooding threats by constructing a massive drainage system. As a result, G-Cans was born, becoming the world’s largest storm drainage. The underground channel was built in a period of 17 years.

A total of $2 billion was spent to construct the drainage. Its channels take the flood water through five silos, measuring 105 foot in width and 213 foot in depth. These channels deposit the water into a pillared tank (known as an Underground Temple) that measures 580 feet in depth.

Seventy-eight water pumps and several turbines with a rating of 14,000 horsepower are connected to the tank to pump water from the tank and dump it in River Edogawa.

They pump water at a rate of 200 tons per second. G-Cans is an extreme plumbing technology. Its impressiveness makes it a popular attraction site where guided tours are offered daily.

 

The London Sewer System

London has been home to humans for centuries. Due to its age, London has some of the oldest infrastructures in the world. In the nineteenth century, its plumbing system served 360 sewers, 3 million people, and effluent of its multiple industries. Most of the waste is discharged into River Thames in the heart of London.

As London grew, its sewer system would not serve a growing population efficiently. The sewer system was extremely overwhelmed to the extent of causing a calamity popularly known as “The Great Stink”.

This calamity created a stinky smell when the hot heat in the 1858 summer season beaked River Thames. The river was described as reeking with intolerable and ineffable horrors, thereby leading to demands for a major cleanup.

The solution to the problem was to build a bigger sewer system for diverting waste matter away from London. This gave birth to the London Sewer System, which was designed by Joseph.

The design comprises of six sewers that intercept each other and measure approximately 100 miles in length. Construction work involved thousands of construction workers. It consumed at least concrete measuring 880,000 in cubic feet and 318 million worth of bricks.

Although most of the original piping has been replaced, the original design has never been changed. It remains the world’s most elaborate sewer system.

 

The Roman Aqueducts

During the ancient days, aqueducts were designed for transporting water from reservoirs to distant cities. While the aqueducts built in Rome aren’t the earliest aqueducts in history, they boast of being the most impressive and ambitious aqueducts.

The Roman aqueducts played a huge role in planned and centralized plumbing. Without such a system for water and sewer transportation, it would have been impossible for Rome to thrive.

Back then, Rome was facing the challenge of lacking enough water to meet its huge demand. The answer to this problem was to create aqueducts, which earned the name “Roman aqueducts”.

The city’s first aqueduct was known as “Aqua Appia”. It was constructed around 312 BC. It measures 16.4 kilometers in length and supplied water amounting 75,500 in cubic meters to a fountain known as Forum Boarium.

Aqua Marcia was the longest known aqueduct. It measured 56 miles in length. Their scale was quite impressive, making them engineering marvels based on their ingenious design and longevity. For instance, Acqua Vergine was built around 19 BC and still supplies a good amount of water to Rome till date.

The design and plumbing work in these projects is extremely impressive. Although some plumbing projects may have earned a lot of praise, not all of them are that successful.

Nevertheless, always hire a professional plumber to make your plumbing project a success like these three mega plumbing projects.

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Common Plumbing Problems in a Sydney Bathroom

Plumbing is extremely important for all kinds of buildings. While plumbing lines are not always installed in visible areas such as under the floors and within the walls, you shouldn’t ignore them once they have a problem. What are some of these plumbing problems faced by homeowners in Sydney?

common plumbing problems in a bathroom

Some bathroom plumbing issues are easy to note. Some have signs that can be easily detected and anticipated. However, there are some problems that are hardly noticed for a prolonged period of time such that you’ll only notice them when the problem has extremely worsened.

 

Symptoms and Signs of Plumbing Problems in the Bathroom

One of the easiest signs of a malfunctioning plumbing system in the bathroom is the physical qualities of water, according to Fast Plumbers. Contact them to learn more about their Sydney plumbing services. You can simply note that something is wrong with the plumbing by simply noting an abnormality in water color.

For instance, oddly colored water, such as rusty looking with an unpleasant smell is a sure way of telling that there’s something wrong with your bathroom plumbing.

You can also observe the drainage to assess the condition of your bathroom plumbing. Problems with your drainage can be hazardous if neglected for a prolonged period of time.

Slow draining tubs and sinks may be fixed by pouring boiling water down the tub and sink drains or using cleaning products. However, when these options fail to fix the issue, then you surely have a major issue to deal with.

Continuously dripping water from the shower or sink is another indicator of plumbing problems. Continuous drips are often as a result of worn out tap washers, broken valves, and water pressure issues. Drainage problems can also result in dripping problems.

Having blocked taps is a common plumbing problem in most bathrooms. Luckily, it’s relatively easy to unblock taps. Most taps are usually blocked by lights clogs. However, some blockages might be as a result of tougher clogs. If the clogs are light, you can use a pair of pliers with a long nose or needles to unclog the tap.

For heavier clogs, you may have to detach the tap or blocked tub stopper to unclog it. Extremely heavy clogs and stop-ups can be removed by simple tools such as plungers and pipe snakes. Plungers and pipe snakes are ideal for unblocking clogged toilets.

Addressing problems related to water pressure usually require disassembling or replacement. For instance, low pressure is often caused by the accumulation of calcium within the aerator.

You can remove the aerator and clean it to get rid of calcium. However, if the issue is beyond cleaning, you’d have to replace the aerator with a brand-new unit.

In case of high-water pressure, you may notice dripping in the tub or shower. If dripping is only in the shower, you can remove the shower, clean it, and then replace it. However, fixing tub faucets may be a bit tricky.

There are more than four types of faucets and the method used in fixing each type may be unique. The most common faucets are ball-type, ceramic disk, cartridge, compression, and newer types with O-shaped rings or seals.

Most bathroom plumbing issues in Sydney are often as a result of neglect. Most bathroom plumbing fixtures and fittings last for their lifespan as indicated by their manufacturers. If these fixtures and fittings are beyond their lifespan, or they’re mishandled, then problems will obviously occur.

The best thing to do is to maintain them properly by doing regular inspections. Nevertheless, whenever you have bathroom plumbing issues in the bathroom, seek assistance from a local plumbing expert.

Sydney Plumbing for Mobile Homes vs Site-Built Homes

What are the differences between plumbing for mobile homes and plumbing for site-built homes? There are significant differences between these two types of plumbing, primarily due to the methods used in manufacturing plumbing components.

A mobile house is built based on different standards from those used in site-built houses. Their construction regulations are different, and this leads to some differences in their plumbing systems.

plumbing for mobile homes

Mobile homes boast of being affordable. Plumbing materials for such home are more affordable and of lower quality than those of site-built properties.

However, the materials that are used in modern mobile homes are of higher quality than those of homes built from the 1960s to 1980s.

There are significant differences between plumbing systems for older homes and those used today. It’s essential to know the critical differences between plumbing systems, especially when having plumbing issues and when planning for plumbing upgrades or renovations.

One of the most notable differences in the plumbing between these two types of homes is the materials used for making pipes. Most houses that are mobile use plastic pipes for water supply instead of copper pipes.

In the past, plastic pipes were not approved for water supply in permanent homes. Permanent homes would only use copper and galvanized pipes. However, such metallic pipes were susceptible to corrosion and leakage.

Today, newer mobile properties use PEX and CPVC pipes. These pipes are made of plastic material. In most cases, they last longer than metallic pipes. As such, most homes are now re-piped with plastic tubing to replace copper and galvanized piping.

plumbing for site built homes

There’s also a difference in how the layout of the pipes and the way they enter into a house. In mobile homes, pipes are typically fitted through the floor rather than entering the home through the wall.

Although such a layout doesn’t look quite okay, it does the same job like the one passing through the walls. Thus, when changing or adding plumbing lines in mobile houses, you should remember to install them through the floor.

For instance, you need to leave enough space below sink cabinets to connect a water supply line from the floor. You should also use the straight type of stop valves rather than angled stop valves.

Vents for drain pipes are also different in the mobile type of houses. For instance, tubs in most mobile homes don’t have an overflow. An overflow is crucial as it works as a cleanout when snaking a bathtub.

Also, some sinks don’t come with a vent while others have a vent under the sink counter that does work well but not as effective as regular vents.

Kitchen drains in mobile houses also feature a vent beneath the counter. Thus, when replacing kitchen fixtures or when doing a kitchen remodel, you should consider the space required for a vent beneath the counter.

You’ll also notice a difference in clean-outs for mobile homes. Most permanent homes come with clean-outs for washing machines, the mainline, and the kitchen.

These clean-outs are used for clearing clogs in sewer lines. However, mobile homes often lack clean-outs. Thus, it’s more challenging and expensive to clear occasional clogs in their sewer lines.

Luckily, it’s quite easier to fix plumbing issues in houses that are mobile than permanent ones. You can easily upgrade low-quality drain lines and water lines in mobile homes. Generally working on mobile houses is often more affordable than on site-built dwellings. Get in touch with Master Plumbers Online for more information.

Plumbing Tips to Prevent Roots from Plugging Into Your Sewer Lines

Some tree roots tend to be extremely invasive. They grow into the sewer line and cause drain problems. You can keep them away from your sewer system by boring through them using a rented auger or even cutting down the trees.

tree roots plugging plumbing sewer lines

You can also call in a sewer company to do the work. The professionals will open the drain line and get rid of the invasive roots with appropriate products. Once done, they’ll reinstall the old drain line or install a new one. You’ll only need a high-quality power auger (rental) and a pipe wrench for this project.

 

What should you do if roots clog the sewer pipes?

In case you reside in a wooded area, then you might be stressed with roots growing into your sewer line since they may clog it. However, it’s not necessary to cut down the trees. Trees often grow through joints and cracks, especially in old clay tile, asphalt composite, and cast iron sewer lines.

The roots usually grow towards the pipes in search of the nutrient-rich waste that’s passing down the toilet and drains. Cast iron and clay material are no longer used in making sewer lines since roots can easily penetrate through them. Also, these pipe materials are challenging to install and maintain, heavy, brittle, and expensive.

Today, most sewer pipes are usually manufactured with plastic. Plastic pipes are lightweight, tough, and cheap. They’re almost impervious to roots.

The options you have are to cut the trees, ream the drain lines from time to time, or seek assistance from a professional. A sewer cleaning company may ream the pipes or check them with a video camera to establish the exact problem.

They’ll check whether the pipe is improperly sloped, cracked, crushed, or whether the roots are penetrating the pipe through loose joints or cracks. Their findings will be followed with recommendations of what to do. The most likely recommendation would be:

Replacing the old sewer line with plastic pipes

The sewer line may be treated with an appropriate poison that kills the nearby roots. It also ensures new tree roots take longer to grow. An appropriate poison is specially designed to only deal with the roots and not killing the entire tree.

Another solution would be lining the old line with plastic fabric. The fabric is thereafter cemented. Most large businesses have been using this option for many years now.

Residential homes are now using this option. Most local plumbing and sewer companies may not offer this service, but you can ask bigger companies to assist you.

Alternatively, you can buy a power auger to clean the lines yourself rather than paying for the service every other year. If you don’t wish to buy one, simply rent from a local sewer company.